Note: Please print this syllabus. Don't count on it being available online.


CRJU 365-02, #20952, Th 7- 9:45 pm, UH 302

Faculty information (UPS item 1)

Instructor: Julius (Jay) Wachtel
Office: LH 624
Hours: Th 6-6:45 pm
Telephone: (657) 278-6740. Please note that the instructor will only answer the telephone while in the office and will not be checking messages. E-mail is strongly preferred.
E-mail: jwachtel (at) fullerton (dot) edu

Course information (UPS item 2)

Objective and learning goals

This course introduces students to ethical precepts and discusses their relevance to criminal justice, with an emphasis on law enforcement, prosecution and defense. Legal, administrative and procedural aspects of the criminal justice workplace are examined with a view towards helping anticipate and resolve moral dilemmas.

Required text

Joycelyn Pollock. Ethical Dilemmas and Decisions in Criminal Justice, 8th. ed. Cengage Learning, 2014.

Required articles

Carl Klockars, "The Dirty Harry Problem." Online here.

Julius Wachtel, "From Morals to Practice: Dilemmas of Control in Undercover Policing." Online here.

Julius Wachtel, "Production and Craftsmanship in Police Narcotics Enforcement." Online here.

Julius Wachtel, "Conduct and Ethics Essays from, 2008-2014." Online here.

Grading standards and policy, exams, presentations (UPS items 3, 4, 5)

Grading standards and policy

100 points can be earned: up to twenty-five for each exam, up to twenty for the paper, and up to five for the presentation. Term grades will be assigned using the conventional scale (A=90, B=80, C=70, D=60, F=59 or lower), curved as necessary to reflect class performance.

Plus/minus grading is NOT used.

There is no extra credit. Missed attendance points cannot be "made up."

Any instance of academic dishonesty, including plagiarism or cheating, will result in a grade of zero or "F" for that activity, and/or a term grade of "F", and/or referral to the Dean. It is the instructor's policy to not change grades except for a computational error. Please do not ask for special consideration.


Three non-cumulative exams that test comprehension of readings, films and videos, lectures, slide shows, student presentations and class discussion. Each exam must be taken to earn a grade higher than "F" on this course.

Makeups may be given for a fully documented emergency and must be completed by the next regularly scheduled class session. If you cannot take an exam on a scheduled date, please e-mail promptly.

If illness keeps you from taking an exam on the scheduled date, please e-mail the instructor. Makeups must be taken during the next class session, of if the student is still ill, by the end of the week following the week during which the exam was given. Only ONE of the first two exams can be "made up."  Makeups are not allowed for the final. Students who have done well on the midterms but cannot take the final due to a bonafide emergency may, at the instructor's option, be allowed an "I"ncomplete.

Each exam is a mandatory component of the course. To earn a grade higher than "F" every exam must be taken.

Special notice about exams and online materials

The website has links to the PowerPoint slides used in class and supplemental materials. It's all fair game for exams. Here's the best rule: if it's mentioned in class, it's important.

There is no guarantee that the website will always be "up." Slide shows may not be posted until the day of class.

Exams are prepared with those who come to class in mind. Neither an exam date nor grading will be adjusted because the website went down.

Presentations and papers

Each student will be assigned to a panel, make a presentation and turn in a paper. For information and instructions click here.

Participating in a panel, making presentations and turning in a paper are required components of the course. Failure to complete any of these will result in a term grade of "F".

Classroom management

Cell phones, pagers and laptops

Please set cell phones and pagers to silent mode.

Absolutely no use of laptops or other electronic devices during class. NO recording. Laptops and other devices are distracting to users, other students and the instructor. Students with special needs are exempt (please bring your form on the first day of class.) Please take notes the old-fashioned way and plan your online activities accordingly.

Why the rule? For an illustrated reason, click here.

Accommodations, academic integrity (UPS items 6-7)

Accomodations for documented special needs:

Academic integrity:

Emergency Instructions (UPS item 8)

Emergency instructions homepage:

Active shooters and hostage-takers – escape and shelter in place information:

Depending on the suspect's proximity, quickly decide whether to stay or run.

  • Either way, spread out.
  • If shelter in place, lock or barricade the door.
  • Take whatever cover is available. Use furniture to your advantage.
  • Quietly plan what to do if suspect gets in. Confronting the shooter is an option.
  • If run away, keep spread out. Use multiple routes.
  • Don't charge into arriving officers. Keep both arms visible.
  • Call 911 asap. Don't wait for others to do it.

Earthquakes and fires

  • In case of earthquake, drop and cover.
  • In case of a fire, leave immediately. Use the stairs.
  • Assembly point is the adjacent faculty parking lot.

Weekly schedule

1 - 8/27 - Morals, ethics, dilemmas, ethical systems -
Chapters 1 & 2 - slide show - ethical systems handout

2 - 9/3 - Week 1 cont'd - Concepts of justice, moral development, leadership, professionalism - Chapters 3 & 4 -
slide show

3 - 9/10 - Week 2 cont'd

4 - 9/17 - Film: "Dirty Harry" - Article:
"The Dirty Harry Problem" - Panel 1 presents

5 - 9/24 - Exam 1 (weeks 1-4, chps. 1-4)

6 - 10/1 - Role of the police - Article: "Production and
" - Chapter 5 - slide show

7 - 10/8 -  Police discretion, use of force - Article: "From
Morals to Practice...
" - Chapter 6 - slide show

8 - 10/15 - Police corruption & misconduct - Chapter 7 -
slide show

9 - 10/22 - Film: "Murder on a Sunday Morning" -
Panel 2 presents

10 - 10/29 - Film: "The Central Park Five" - Panel 3 presents

11 - 11/5 - Exam 2 (weeks 6-10, chps. 5-7)

12 - 11/12 - Law and legal professionals - Chapter 8 -
slide show

13 - 11/19 - Discretion and dilemmas for prosecutors, defense attorneys and judges - Chapter 9 - slide show

14 - 11/26 - NO CLASS - SPRING BREAK

15 - 12/3 - Film: "The Trials of Darryl Hunt" - Panel 4 presents

16 - 12/10 - Film: "An Unreal Dream" - Panel 5 presents

17 - 12/17 - Final exam (weeks 12-16, chps. 8-9) - 7:30-9:20 pm
Click here for a summary of ethical systems to help you prepare
for the essay questions